Minerals contained in Aloe ferox:
- Calcium: 0.06%
- Phosphorous: 0.01%
- Magnesium: 0.02%
- Sulphur: 0.01%
- Sodium: 0.04%
- Iron: 0.01mgkg
- Copper: 2.46mg/kg
- Manganese: 16.17mg/kg
- Zinc: 92.13mg/kg
- Aluminium: 15.25mg/kg
Aloe is used mainly for the regulation of ticks in wild and farm animals. Aloe powder is added to the feed of the animals. Due to the shortage of Zinc in the natural habitat in South Africa there is no problem with palatability since the animals readily eat the aloe for the Zinc and other minerals contained in it. In nature, where there are a lot of ticks, game will eat the whole aloe plant and no ticks can be found on the game.
Farmers using lick blocks that are enriched with aloe powder are having fantastic results with the decreased occurrence of ticks on their animals. Thus the condition of the animals improve and the chance of illnesses transmitted by ticks are reduced.
Zinc in animals
Zinc has been found in every tissue in the animal body. Zinc acts as a co-factor for many enzymes(1). Zinc is actively involved in enzyme systems through metabolism of protein and carbohydrates. Zinc is also required for maintaining responsiveness of the immune system through energy production, protein synthesis, stablisation of membranes against bacterial endotoxins, antioxidant enzyme production and maintenance of lymphocyte replication and antibody production. Virtually every phase of cell growth involves Zinc and a deficiency can impact productivity.(2)
Manganese in animals
The amount of Manganese present in the animal body is extremely small. Most tissues contain traces of Manganese. Manganese is important in the animal body as an enzyme activator (1). Manganese deficiency in livestock impairs reproductive performance, skeletal deformities and contracted (shortened) tendons, enlarged joints and reduced birth weight (3).
1. MacDonald,P.,Edwards, R.A. and Greenhalgh, J.F.D –Animal Nutrition 2nd Ed (1973)
2. Paterson, J.A., Swenson, C.K, Ansotegi, R.P. and Wellington, B. - The absorption of Copper and Zinc by cattle consuming diets containing the antagonists Molybdenum, Sulfur and Iron. www.animalrangeextension.montana.edu/articles/beef/copper/absorption_copper.htm
3. Government of Saskatchewan – Trace minerals for beef cattle (2008) – www.agriculture.gov.sk.ca
Zinc in humans
The health benefits of Zinc include proper functioning of the immune system, improves stress levels, energy metabolism, acne and wound healing. Zinc plays a vital role in protein synthesis and helps in the regulation of cell production in the immune system (1 & 2).
Manganese in humans
Manganese ensures healthy bone structure and helps in building essential enzymes for building bones. It assists with metabolism of cholesterol, amino acids and carbohydrates (3). Manganese is involved in the function of numerous organ systems and is needed for normal immune function. Manganese also works with vitamin K to support the clotting of blood (4).
1. Health benefits of Zinc – www.organifacts.net/health-benefits/minerals/health-benefits-of-zinc.html
2. Zinc benefits, uses,facts, events and programs – www.zinc.org/info/zinc_essential_for_human_health.
3. Health benefits of Manganese – www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/minerals/health-benefits-of-manganese.html
4. Health effects of Manganese – www.manganese-health.org/about_us/healtheffects